An Outdated View: The Theory
Jean B. Lamarck: Science brought his theory
The idea that life is the product of an uncontrolled,
purposeless process of coincidence is a 19th century myth. Looking
at the matter from the primitive level of the science of the period,
evolutionists assumed that life was very "simple".
There are more than a million species living on the
earth. How did these creatures with entirely distinct features and
perfect designs come into being? Anyone who uses his reason would
understand that life is the work of a perfect and supreme creation.
However, the theory of evolution denies this explicit
truth. It holds that all species on earth evolved from one another
through a process based on random occurrences.
first person to seriously take up the issue of evolution – an idea
which originated in Ancient Greece – was the French biologist Jean
Baptiste Lamarck. Lamarck's theory, which he postulated in the early
19th century, maintained that "living things transferred the
traits they acquired during their lifetime to subsequent generations."
In Lamarck's view, for instance, giraffes had evolved from antelope-like
animals who extended their necks further and further as they tried
to reach higher branches for food. The advent of the science of
genetics, however, refuted Lamarck's theory once and for all.
Charles Darwin, an amateur naturalist,
advanced his theory in his book, The Origin of Species,
published in 1859. He confessed to many points which defied
explanation in the chapter "Difficulties On Theory", and
hoped that these problems would be solved in the future.
This hope, however, came to nothing.
THE PROBLEM OF THE
When Darwin put forward his theory, palaeontologists opposed
him the most. They knew that the "intermediary transitional
forms" which Darwin imagined to have existed, never existed
in reality. Darwin was hoping that this problem would be overcome
by new fossil findings. Palaeontology, on the contrary, invalidated
Darwin's theory more and more each day.
The second important name to defend the theory after
Lamarck was a British amateur naturalist, Charles Darwin. In his
book The Origin of Species, published in 1856, he claimed that all
species descended from a common ancestor through coincidences. According
to Darwin, for instance, whales evolved from bears that tried to
hunt in the sea.1
Darwin did not base his claim on any concrete
evidence or finding. He just made some observations and produced
some ideas. He carried out most of his observations on board
a ship called the H.M.S. Beagle that had set sail from Britain.
Darwin had serious doubts as he put forward his assertions.
He was not so confident of his theory. He confessed to there being
many points which he was unable to explain in the chapter titled
"Difficulties On Theory". Darwin had hoped that these
problems would be solved in the future with the progress of science,
and made some projections. 20th century science, however,
disproved Darwin's claims one by one. The common point of Lamarck's
and Darwin's theories was that both rested on a primitive understanding
of science. The absence of various domains of science such as biochemistry
and microbiology at the time led evolutionists to think that living
things had a simple structure that could form by chance. Since the
laws of genetics were not known, it was supposed that creatures
could simply evolve into new species.
The progress of science overthrew all of these myths
and revealed that living things are the work of a superior creation.
Darwin, The Origin of Species: A Facsimile of the First Edition, Harvard
University Press, 1964, p. 184