The Layers of the Atmosphere
One fact about the universe
revealed in the verses of the Qur'an is that the sky is made up
of seven layers.
"It is He Who created everything on the earth
for you and then directed His attention up to heaven and arranged
it into seven regular heavens. He has knowledge of all things."
(The Qur'an, 2:29)
"Then He turned to heaven when it was smoke.
In two days He determined them as seven heavens and revealed, in
every heaven, its own mandate."
(The Qur'an, 41:12)
The word "heavens", which appears in many verses
in the Qur'an, is used to refer to the sky above the Earth, as well
as the entire universe. Given this meaning of the word, it is seen
that the Earth's sky, or the atmosphere, is made up of seven layers.
The Earth has all the attributes that are needed for life.
One of them is the atmosphere, which serves as a shield protecting
living things. Today, it is an established fact that the atmosphere
is made up of different layers lying on top of one another.
Just as it is described in the Qur'an, the atmosphere is made
up of exactly seven layers. This is certainly one of the miracles
of the Qur'an.
Indeed, today it is known that the world's atmosphere
consists of different layers that lie on top of each other. Furthermore,
it consists, just as is described in the Qur'an, of exactly seven
layers. In a scientific source, the subject is described as follows:
14 centuries ago, when the sky was believed to be one unified
body, the Qur'an miraculously stated that it consisted of
layers, and what is more, "seven" layers. Modern
science, on the other hand, discovered the fact that the atmosphere
surrounding the Earth is made up of "seven" basic
layers only very recently.
found that the atmosphere consists of several layers. The layers
differ in such physical properties as pressure and the types of
gasses. The layer of the atmosphere closest to Earth is called the
TROPOSPHERE. It contains about 90% of the total mass of the
atmosphere. The layer above the troposphere is called the STRATOSPHERE.
The OZONE LAYER is the part of the stratosphere where absorption
of ultraviolet rays occurs. The layer above the stratosphere is
called the MESOSPHERE. The THERMOSPHERE lies above
the mesosphere. The ionized gases form a layer within the thermosphere
called the IONOSPHERE. The outermost part of Earth's atmosphere
extends from about 480 km out to 960 km. This part is called the
If we count the number of layers cited in this source,
we see that the atmosphere consists of exactly seven layers, just
as stated in the verse.
Another important miracle on this subject is mentioned
in the statement "(He) revealed, in every heaven, its own
mandate.", in verse 12 of Sura Fussilet. In other words,
in the verse, God states that He assigned each heaven its own duty.
Truly, as seen in previous chapters, each one of these layers has
vital duties for the benefit of human kind and all other living
things on the Earth. Each layer has a particular function, ranging
from forming rain to preventing harmful rays, from reflecting radio
waves, to averting the harmful effects of meteors.
One of these functions, for example, is stated in a scientific
source as follows:
Earth's atmosphere has 7 layers.
The lowest layer is called troposphere. Rain, snow and wind only
take place in the troposphere.(3)
It is a great miracle that these facts, which could not
possibly be discovered without the technology of the 20th century,
were explicitly stated by the Qur'an 1,400 years ago.